This page is currently being updated to provide the most current information and links. In the meantime, visit some current research studies we have published at http://www.researchgate.net/profile/gerry_leisman/contributions.
IAFNR, working in conjunction with the National Institute for Brain and Rehabilitation Sciences and the Nazareth Academic Institution are proud to conduct a variety of research projects.
Together we have formed a global collective of world-class scientists in Biomedical/Rehabilitation Engineering, Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Ergonomics, and in Physical/Occupational Therapy.
Fellows have produced translational research in fundamental biomedical technologies. Applications in Autism & Developmental Disorders, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD, coma & consciousness, sensation/perception, and in locomotion are ongoing at labs in Cuba, & Israel.
We have the following research groups in place working on projects:
Biomedical Engineering Group
This group has addressed applications areas such as: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) as well as developments in the treatment of decubitus ulcer by sitting, orthotics and prosthetics, wheelchairs, and assistive aids all towards providing less restrictive environments for those in need of rehabilitation. Also developments in systemics, optimization, and computational models have been pursued as well as in Human Factors and Ergonomics, digital image processing, and in electrophysiology and signal analysis, examining the Kinesiology of movement and gait, speech synthesis, recognition, and acoustics as well as computational systems in rehabilitation.
Developments have included computer models of nervous system function and dysfunction employing applications of theoretical physics, artificial neural networks, linear and non-linear models, bifurcation theory, and chaos theory as vehicles for simulating nervous system function and dysfunction. Additionally, analyses of applications of combinatorics, recurrence relations, and the establishment of asymptotic distributions are studied in relation to biomedical and rehabilitation systems. Research has also examined the effects of trauma and therapeutic interventions on search methods, formal proof, and knowledge representation as well as natural language understanding, scene understanding, learning, and expert systems.
Areas of investigation include Muscle, Nerve, and Work, Clinical Systems Neuroscience using electrophysiological methods including EMG, EEG, EOG, evoked potentials and event-related potentials, imaging, computational modeling, Neuropharmacology, psychophysics and signal detection theory, Neuroradiology (including CT, MRI PET, and spectral imaging) applied to clinical applications in rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation and Applied Biosciences Group
Humanities in Biomedicine Group
Researchers explore ethical issues generated by the application of scientific and technological advances to the preservation, destruction, and programming of human life including orphan drug development, abortion, euthanasia, behavior control, allocation of medical resources in technology development, ethics of the patient-physician interaction, and the ethics of technology application.
Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuropsychology, Curriculum, and Human Factors Groups
Methods of Psychological Science have been employed to develop theoretical and applied strategies in rehabilitation applications. Research bridges the gap between Cognitive Science, Communication Sciences, Systemics and cellular Neuroscience, brain imaging, and Computational Neuroscience on the one hand and curriculum and instruction on the other. Changes in the electrical activity of the brain during cognition have been examined and changes in blood flow and metabolic activity of the brain during cognition are being examined. Mechanisms by which neural networks generate voluntary actions, memory, thinking, problem solving, language and emotion are being examined to learn how these capabilities malfunction in persons with brain damage, developmental disabilities, mental illness and dementia.
Applied and Theoretical Linguistics Group
As language and communication are central and fundamental to traumatic brain dysfunction, developmental disabilities and training, intensive independent work in Applied and Theoretical Linguistics includes:
Sociolinguistics, Semantics, Phonetics and Phonology, Syntax, Language Universals, Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theory, Discourse Analysis, Neural and Computational Methods of Speech Perception and Production
Cognitive Development and Language
Neurolinguistics and Language Disorders
Phonological Disorders, Child Language Disorders, Adult Aphasia, Communicative Disorders and Exceptionality, Artificial Intelligence, Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, Language Acquisition